Birds were an endless source of fascination to the Pennsylvania Germans. This meticulously drawn fraktur of a double-headed eagle recalls the Hapsburg imperial arms. It is by David Kulp, a Mennonite schoolmaster in the northwestern townships of Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Once a student of fraktur artist John Adam Eyer, as an adult Kulp worked at the very schools in which Eyer had taught, making large numbers of Notenbüchlein (booklets of musical notation), and bookplates for hymnals. He also served as a scrivener, auction clerk, auditor, appraiser, and assessor.
Stacy C. Hollander, "Presentation Fraktur of a Double Eagle," exhibition label for Jubilation|Rumination: Life, Real and Imagined. Stacy C. Hollander, curator. New York: American Folk Art Museum, 2012.